Modern society is characterized by an ambiguity. Progress is tightly bonded to man’s relationship with
technology; yet it is technology which threatens to take away our humanity. This anxiety resulted in the dual
modernities of the sciences and the humanities The Enlightenment was equally committed to human
understanding and liberation. Under the strain of urban industrialization, Modernity manifested itself as an open
hostility between the scientific quest for progress and the humanistic desire to preserve the human spirit.
Positivistic Modernity entrusted human destiny to rationality’s ability to produce a culture of optimistic, and
benign technology. Aesthetic Modernism, suspicious of technology, sought its constrain in order to safeguard
freedom and morality. Fearful of technology’s domination of human caprice, the arts in particular practiced the
hermineutics of suspicion; appointing themselves as the watchdog of human sensibility. In the mist of this
dispute, the growth and the expansion of the market subverted both the sciences and the humanities. resulting in
a contemporary landscape in which both progress and morality must stand on the grounding of profit.